Impact of rural schools on further adaptation of rural youth to the university life in a city: experience of Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University

Resumo

Impacto das escolas rurais na adaptação da juventude rural à vida universitária em uma cidade: experiência da Universidade Nacional Bohdan Khmelnytsky

A pesquisa atual visa resumir as características da educação escolar nas áreas rurais da Ucrânia e estabelecer sua influência potencial na adaptação acadêmica e sócio-psicológica dos estudantes a um novo ambiente de aprendizagem e vida. Um pequeno número de estudantes em sala de aula, más condições materiais e técnicas, oportunidades limitadas de auto-realização, baixa motivação para estudar, etc., distinguem-se como as peculiaridades básicas das escolas rurais ucranianas. O mini-questionário dos autores revelou que 62% dos estudantes de primeiro ano de origem rural de uma Universidade Nacional Bohdan Khmelnytsky local em Cherkasy experimentam dificuldades durante a adaptação. Os desafios enfrentados por 270 alunos do primeiro ano são descritos: pessoais, educacionais, condições de vida, psicológicas, comunicativas, relacionamentos no grupo. Os resultados do estudo convencem que os estudantes de origem rural enfrentam desafios adicionais de adaptação às condições de vida alteradas enquanto estudam nas universidades, ao contrário dos estudantes de áreas urbanas e suburbanas. São fornecidas recomendações para ajudar os conselheiros das escolas rurais a preparar os estudantes para sua posterior adaptação nas grandes faculdades e universidades. São apresentadas instruções de trabalho de serviço psicológico, conselheiros e educadores em instituições de ensino superior: aconselhamento individual para o estudante, desenvolvimento e implementação de programas especiais de treinamento, integração de aulas individuais em programas de treinamento.

Palavras-chave: Adaptação, Estudante de Primeiro Ano, Instituição de Ensino Superior, Escola Rural, Estudante de Origem Rural, Ucrânia.

 

Impact of rural schools on further adaptation of rural youth to the university life in a city: experience of Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University

ABSTRACT. The current research aims to summarize the features of school education in rural areas in Ukraine and to establish their potential influence on students' academic and socio-psychological adaptation to a new learning and living environment. Small number of students in class, poor material and technical condition, limited opportunities for self-realization, low motivation to study etc. are distinguished as the basic peculiarities of Ukrainian rural schools. The authors’ mini-questionnaire revealed that 62% of the first-year students of rural origin from a local Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University at Cherkasy experience hardships during adaptation. Challenges faced by 270 first-year students are described: personal, educational, living conditions, psychological, communicative, relationships in the group. The outcomes of the study convince that students of rural origin encounter additional challenges adjusting to changed living conditions while studying in universities in contrast to students from urban and suburban areas. Recommendations are provided to assist rural school counselors in preparing students for their further adaptation at large colleges and universities. Directions of work of psychological service, counsellors and educators in higher education institutions are displayed: individual counseling for the student, development and implementation of special training programs, integration of individual classes into training programs.

Keywords: Adaptation, First-Year Student, Higher Education Institution, Rural School, Student of Rural Origin, Ukraine.

 

Impacto de las escuelas rurales en una mayor adaptación de los jóvenes rurales a la vida universitaria en la ciudad: la experiencia de la Universidad Nacional Bohdan Khmelnytsky                                            

RESUMEN. La investigación actual tiene por objeto resumir las características de la educación escolar en las zonas rurales de Ucrania y establecer su posible influencia en la adaptación académica y sociopsicológica de los estudiantes a un nuevo entorno de aprendizaje y de vida. Se distinguen como peculiaridades básicas de las escuelas rurales ucranianas el reducido número de alumnos en las clases, las malas condiciones materiales y técnicas, las limitadas oportunidades de realización personal, la escasa motivación para estudiar, etc. El minicuestionario de los autores reveló que el 62% de los estudiantes de primer año de origen rural de la Universidad Nacional Bohdan Khmelnytsky de Cherkasy experimentan dificultades durante la adaptación. Se describen los desafíos a los que se enfrentan 270 estudiantes de primer año: personales, educativos, condiciones de vida, psicológicos, comunicativos, relaciones en el grupo. Los resultados del estudio convencen de que los estudiantes de origen rural se enfrentan a dificultades adicionales para adaptarse a las nuevas condiciones de vida mientras estudian en las universidades, en contraste con los estudiantes de las zonas urbanas y suburbanas. Se formulan recomendaciones para ayudar a los consejeros de las escuelas rurales a preparar a los estudiantes para su ulterior adaptación en los grandes colegios y universidades. Se muestran las direcciones de trabajo del servicio psicológico, los consejeros y los educadores en las instituciones de enseñanza superior: asesoramiento individual para el estudiante, desarrollo e implementación de programas de formación especiales, integración de clases individuales en los programas de formación.

Palabras clave: Adaptación, Estudiante de Primer Año, Institución de Educación Superior, Escuela Rural, Estudiante de origen rural, Ucrania.

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Biografia do Autor

Yulia Shalivska, Rivne State University, Ukraine

Candidate of Pedagogical Sciences. Areas of interest: higher education, theory and methods of education, primary education, communicarive and speech development.

Kateryna Tkachenko, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University at Cherkasy

Ph. D. in Pedagogy, Senior Lecturer of Department of Primary Education of Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University at Cherkasy.

Author of 30 articles, monographs, manuals.

Scientific interests: higher education; gamification in the educational process; formation of communication skills of students of the New Ukrainian School; interactive educational technologies.

Serhiy Danylyuk, Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University at Cherkasy

Doctor in Pedagogy, Professor, Chair of Pedagogical Sciences, Educational and Socio-Cultural Management Department of Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University at Cherkasy.

Author of about 200 articles, monographs, manuals.

Scientific interests: higher education; structural-and-functional specific features of electronic texts of various Internet services; the use of information-and-communication technologies in the process of forming future specialists’ professional competence.

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Publicado
2020-07-29
Como Citar
Shalivska, Y., Tkachenko, K., & Danylyuk, S. (2020). Impact of rural schools on further adaptation of rural youth to the university life in a city: experience of Bohdan Khmelnytsky National University. Revista Brasileira De Educação Do Campo, 5, e9537. https://doi.org/10.20873/uft.rbec.e9537
Seção
Artigos / Articles / Artículos